What Is a Bushfire Attack Level (BAL)?

A Bushfire Attack Level (BAL) is a crucial measure assessing a building’s potential exposure to ember attack, radiant heat, and direct flame contact during a bushfire. This rating guides construction requirements to enhance a building’s protection.

Factors such as the Fire Danger Index, land slope, and surrounding vegetation influence the BAL. There are six categories, from low risk to extreme flame zone.


Understanding BAL Ratings:

BAL – LOW: Some risk, no specific construction requirements.

BAL – 12.5: Ember attack.

BAL – 19: Increasing ember attack and burning debris, higher heat flux.

BAL – 29: Further escalation in ember attack and burning debris, increased heat flux.

BAL – 40: Rising ember attack and burning debris, higher heat flux, increased flame exposure likelihood.

BAL – FZ (FLAME ZONE): Direct flame exposure, heat flux, and ember attack.


Who Needs a BAL Assessment?

Under Australian standards, new residential buildings in bushfire-prone areas require a BAL assessment. This includes additions to buildings within 6 meters of a dwelling.


How Can We Help Reduce Your BAL Level?

At North Australia Bushfire Solutions, our professional team uses advanced equipment and techniques, which allow us to create detailed maps showing how different structures could respond during extreme conditions. Understanding this information can be used to provide insights on how dwellings, critical infrastructure or building envelopes will interact with the surrounding hazardous vegetation. Our team can help in determining how you can best modify your vegetation or plans to be best prepared against these threats.

We aim to help create peace of mind wherever you’re located in this country. We can provide ongoing, tailored advice for reducing risk levels ongoing; helping them battle any looming danger ahead effectively without compromising structure integrity or safety regulations enforced locally through state framework laws..

We offer residential and commercial services with custom solutions tailored to your protection needs. Our trained professionals prioritize safeguarding lives and properties, ensuring effective risk reduction without compromising safety regulations.

Choose North Australia Bushfire Solutions for thorough BAL assessments and proactive measures against bushfire threats.


Bushfire Training

North Australia Bushfire Solutions has a rich history of collaboration with large organisations including government agencies, landholders and Indigenous groups and communities across northern Australia aiming to support and develop Bushfire Mitigation Programs and deliver practical, dynamic training.

Sustainable Land Management

Navigate uncertainties with confidence through our Sustainable Land Management Planning including Prescribed burn planning and implementation, fire trail maintenance, asset protection zone management, Weed management and weed control.

Community Engagement

Northern Australia Bushfire Solutions thrive on engaging with communities to facilitate involvement in decision making and sharing responsibility in managing bushfire risk. We recognise the expertise that exists within communities and on country and work towards a collaborative approach to bushfire mitigation and response.

“As the fire officer at Central Land Council I work closely with Brett and the team, they have successfully delivered a variety of training courses throughout the region. They are both professional and conciseness in their delivery and possess the ability to be flexible when needed, tailoring the course and its contents if required. Their knowledge and understanding of indigenous cultural practices is pivotal in meeting the needs of our constituents and work.  CLC wish to extend its appreciation to the team for their continued work and support and look forward to 2022.”

Ross Phelan (CLC)


We pride ourselves on our consistently professional delivery of all services we offer.


We deliver all services with Honesty, Trust and Respect, our strong moral principles are second to none.


Our focus is always customer satisfaction and our level of customer service. We have a strong focus on making sure every customer feels valued and appreciated.

Service Delivery

Our services are delivered in an effective, predictable, reliable, and customer-friendly manner, always.


High levels of communication, both within our team and with our clients and customers, makes us the best to work with in the industry.